Understanding NATO, Ending War

On four April 2019, the North Atlantic Treaty Group, higher referred to as NATO, marked the 70th anniversary of its existence with a convention attended by the international ministers of member nations in Washington DC. This might be complemented by a gathering of the heads of state of member nations in London subsequent December.

Coinciding with the anniversary occasion on four April, peace activists and anxious students in a number of nations carried out quite a lot of occasions to attract consideration to, and additional doc, the numerous struggle crimes and different atrocities dedicated by NATO (generally by deploying its affiliate and crony terrorist armies – ISIS, Al Qaeda, Al Nusra – recruited and educated by the CIA and funded by Saudi Arabia, different Gulf nations and the US immediately or by way of one or different of its many companies: see ‘NATO – No Need – NATO-EXIT: The Florence Declaration’), the menace that NATO poses to international peace and safety as an appendage of the US army, and to contemplate ways in which NATO is perhaps terminated.

These protests and associated actions included a number of outlined in ‘No To NATO: Time To End Aggressive Militarism’ which additionally explains how NATO ‘provides a veneer of legality’ when ‘the US is unable to get the United Nations Security Council to approve military action’ and ‘Congress will not grant authority for US military action’ and regardless of the clearcut incontrovertible fact that NATO has no ‘international legal authority to go to war’, the grounds for that are clearly outlined within the Constitution of the United Nations and are restricted to only two: authorization by the UN Safety Council and a response in self-defense to a army assault.

Probably the most vital gathering of involved students was undoubtedly the ‘Exit NATO!’ convention in Florence, Italy, which culminated within the Florence Declaration calling for an finish to NATO. See ‘The Florence Declaration: An International Front Calling for NATO-Exit’.

If NATO’s file of army destruction is so complete – within the final 20 years nearly destroying Yugoslavia (balkanized into numerous successor states), Iraq and Libya, whereas inflicting huge harm on many others, significantly Afghanistan and Syria – how did it come into existence and why does it exist now?

The Origin and Features of NATO
Completely different authors supply quite a lot of causes for the institution of NATO. For instance, Yves Engler argues that two of the elements driving the creation of NATO have been ‘to blunt the European Left’ and ‘a desire to bolster colonial authority and bring the world under a US geopolitical umbrella’. See ‘On NATO’s 70th anniversary vital to recollect its anti-democratic roots’ and ‘Defense of European empires was original NATO goal’.

However few would disagree with Professor Jan Oberg’s transient assertion on the origin of NATO: ‘Its raison d’etre… had all the time and unambiguously been the very existence of the Soviet Union… and its socialist/communist ideology.’ See ‘NATO at 70: An unlawful organisation with serious psychological problems’.

In different phrases, NATO was established as one response to the deep worry the US authorities harbored in relation to the Soviet Union which, regardless of western propaganda on the contrary and at staggering price to its inhabitants and industrial infrastructure, had led the defeat of Nazi Germany in World Battle II.

As Professor Michel Chossudovsky elaborates this level: The NATO ‘alliance’ of 29 member states (with Israel additionally a de facto member), most with US army bases, US army (and generally nuclear) weapons and vital or substantial deployments of US troops on their territory, was designed to maintain ‘the de facto “military occupation” of Western Europe’ and to confront the Soviet Union because the US administration orchestrated the Chilly Battle to justify its imperial agenda – international domination assured by huge US army enlargement – in service of elite pursuits (together with the revenue maximization of the army industrial advanced, its fossil gasoline and banking companies, and its media and knowledge know-how giants).

Whereas NATO has the looks of a multinational army alliance, the US controls NATO command buildings with the Pentagon dominating NATO decision-making. NATO’s Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) and Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (SACLANT) are People appointed by Washington with the NATO Secretary Normal Jens Stoltenberg performing merely bureaucratic capabilities.

In mild of the above, Chossudovsky observes: ‘Under the terms of the military alliance, NATO member states are harnessed into endorsing Washington’s imperial design of World conquest below the doctrine of collective safety.’ Even worse, he argues, given the lies and fabrications that permeate US-NATO army doctrine, key decision-makers consider their very own propaganda. ‘Immediately after the Cold War, a new nuclear doctrine was formulated, focused on the preemptive use of nuclear weapons, meaning a nuclear first strike as a means of self-defense.’ Extra just lately: ‘Not solely do they consider that tactical nuclear weapons are peace-making bombs, they’re now placing forth the idea of a “Winnable Third World War”. Taking out China and Russia is on the drafting board of the Pentagon.’ See ‘NATO-Exit: Dismantle NATO, Close Down 800 US Military Bases, Prosecute the War Criminals’ and ‘NATO Spending Pushes Europe from Welfare to Warfare’.

So, given the continuing army threats – with an increasing vary of horrific weapons (together with, to appoint simply two, ‘more usable’ low yield nuclear weapons and applied sciences on ‘weather warfare’ provided by the army/nuclear company struggle planners) that threaten beforehand unimagined outcomes – and interventions by a US-led NATO, with Venezuela and now Iran the newest nations to be immediately threatened – see ‘“Dangerous game”: US, Europe and the “betrayal” of Iran’ – in addition to a gathering consensus amongst peace activists and students of the significance of stopping NATO (significantly given the numerous alternatives, starting with aborting its origin, which have been missed already as defined by Professor Peter Kuznick: see ‘“Obscene” Bipartisan Applause for NATO in Congress’) how will we really cease NATO?

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Whereas a number of authors, together with these with articles cited above, supply concepts on what ought to be achieved about ending NATO, Chossudovsky gives probably the most complete record of concepts on this regard nicely conscious that stopping NATO is intimately linked to the battle to finish struggle and globalization. Chossudovsky’s concepts vary from organizational recommendations comparable to integrating anti-war protest with the marketing campaign towards the gamut of neoliberal financial ‘reforms’ and the event of a broad primarily based grassroots community impartial of NGOs funded by Wall Avenue, targets comparable to dismantling the propaganda equipment which sustains the legitimacy of struggle and neoliberalism, difficult the company media (together with by utilizing various media shops on the Web), offering encouragement (together with details about the illegality of their orders) for army personnel to refuse to struggle (maybe just like the GI coffeehouse motion in the course of the US struggle on Vietnam: see ‘The story of the GI coffeehouses’), working to shut down weapons meeting vegetation and lots of different recommendations. See In the direction of a World Battle III State of affairs: The Risks of Nuclear Battle and ‘NATO-Exit: Dismantle NATO, Close Down 800 US Military Bases, Prosecute the War Criminals’.

Given my very own deep curiosity on this topic of US/NATO wars and in growing and implementing a technique that ends their war-making, let me elaborate Chossudovsky’s rationalization of NATO’s operate on the planet at present by introducing a e-book by Professor Peter Phillips.

In his e-book Giants: The International Energy Elite, Phillips observes that the ability elite frequently worries about insurrection by the ‘unruly exploited masses’ towards their construction of concentrated wealth. This is the reason the US army empire has lengthy performed the position of defender of worldwide capitalism. Because of this, the US has greater than 800 army bases (with some students suggesting 1,000) in 70 nations and territories. As compared, the UK, France, and Russia have about 30 international bases. As well as, US army forces are actually deployed in 70 p.c of the world’s nations with US Particular Operations Command (SOCOM) having troops in 147 nations, a rise of 80 p.c since 2010. These forces conduct counterterrorism strikes often, together with drone assassinations and kill/seize raids.

‘The US military empire stands on hundreds of years of colonial exploitation and continues to support repressive, exploitative governments that cooperate with global capital’s imperial agenda. Governments that settle for exterior capital funding, whereby a small phase of a rustic’s elite advantages, accomplish that realizing that capital inevitably requires a return on funding that entails utilizing up sources and folks for financial acquire. The entire system continues wealth focus for elites and expanded wretched inequality for the plenty….

‘Understanding permanent war as an economic relief valve for surplus capital is a vital part of comprehending capitalism in the world today. War provides investment opportunity for the Giants and TCC elites and a guaranteed return on capital. War also serves a repressive function of keeping the suffering masses of humanity afraid and compliant.’

As Phillips elaborates: This is the reason protection of worldwide capital is the prime cause that NATO nations now account for 85 p.c of the world’s army spending; the US spends extra on the army than the remainder of the world mixed.

In essence, ‘the Global Power Elite uses NATO and the US military empire for its worldwide security. This is part of an expanding strategy of US military domination around the world, whereby the US/ NATO military empire, advised by the power elite’s Atlantic Council, operates in service to the Transnational Company Class for the safety of worldwide capital all over the place on the planet’.

In brief, ending NATO requires recognition of its basic position in preserving the US empire (on the expense of nationwide sovereignty) and sustaining geopolitical management to defend the worldwide elite’s capital pursuits – mirrored within the capitalist agenda to endlessly broaden financial development – and significantly the earnings the elite makes by inciting, supplying and justifying the massively worthwhile wars that the US/NATO conduct on its behalf.

So when you thought that wars have been fought for causes apart from revenue (like protection, a ‘just cause’ or ‘humanitarian’ motives) you have got missed the important operate of US/NATO wars. And whereas these wars is perhaps promoted by the company media as conflicts over geostrategic issues (like ‘keeping open the Straits of Hormuz’), entry to sources (‘war for oil’) and even markets (in order that we will have US junk-food chains in each nation on Earth), these explanations are all merely extra palatable variations of the phrase ‘profit’ and are designed to obscure the reality.

And this raises one other query value pondering. Provided that wars are the extremely organized industrial-scale killing of fellow human beings (for revenue) in addition to the first technique of increasing the variety of fellow human beings who’re drawn into the worldwide capitalist financial system to be exploited (for revenue) and the first methodology used for destroying Earth’s local weather and atmosphere (for revenue), you may wander if those that conduct wars are sane. Effectively, as even posing the query suggests, the worldwide elite – which drives wars, the extremely exploitative capitalist financial system and destruction of the biosphere – is kind of insane. And there’s a transient rationalization of this madness and the way it’s precipitated within the article ‘The Global Elite is Insane Revisited’.

Stopping NATO
So if struggle is precipitated and now maintained perpetually by an insane elite that controls and makes use of the US and NATO army forces to safe earnings by killing and exploiting fellow human beings whereas destroying the local weather and atmosphere, how can we cease it? Clearly, not with out a subtle technique that addresses every dimension of the battle.

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Therefore, my very own suggestion is that we do three issues concurrently:

1. Invite participation in a complete technique to finish struggle, of which NATO is a symptom

2. Invite participation in a single or one other program to considerably cut back consumption to systematically cut back the important driver of ‘wars for resources’ (which may also cut back the gross exploitation of fellow human beings and humanity’s antagonistic impression on the biosphere), and

3. Invite participation in applications to extend human emotional performance in order that an rising proportion of the human inhabitants is empowered to actively interact in struggles for peace, justice and sustainability and to understand the propaganda of elites and their brokers, together with NATO functionaries and company media shops, with out being deceived by it.

There’s a complete technique to finish struggle defined on this web site – Nonviolent Marketing campaign Technique – which incorporates identification of the 2 strategic goals and a fundamental record of 37 strategic objectives to finish struggle. See ‘Strategic Aims’.

There’s a technique for folks to systematically cut back their consumption and enhance their self-reliance mapped out in ‘The Flame Tree Project to Save Life on Earth’. However if you need an easier 12-point record which nonetheless has strategic impression, see ‘The Earth Pledge’ included in ‘Why Activists Fail’. If you wish to higher perceive why folks over-consume, you could find out right here: ‘Love Denied: The Psychology of Materialism, Violence and War’.

There’s a course of for enhancing your personal emotional performance (which can develop your conscience, braveness and capability to suppose strategically) described within the article ‘Putting Feelings First’. If you want to help youngsters to develop up with out emotional dysfunctionalities, take into account making ‘My Promise to Children’. If you wish to learn the muse behind these two recommendations, see Why Violence? and Fearless Psychology and Fearful Psychology: Rules and Apply.

Complementary to those recommendations, you may wish to signal the web pledge of The Folkss Constitution to Create a Nonviolent World which hyperlinks folks working to finish violence in all contexts.

There’s one query that is still unaddressed by the recommendations above: How will we mobilize ample folks (each anti-war activists and others) and organizations (together with anti-war teams and others) to take part within the effort to finish elite-sponsored struggle, together with its organizational buildings comparable to NATO?

Given the infamous issue of mobilizing activists to behave strategically in any context (a way more advanced model of the fundamental drawback of mobilizing folks), my major suggestion is that people inside the anti-war motion invite different people and activist teams to decide on and marketing campaign on a number of of the strategic objectives essential to finish struggle listed in ‘Strategic Aims’. Whereas some activist teams are already working to attain a number of of those strategic objectives, we clearly want to have interaction extra teams to work on the numerous different objectives so that every of those objectives is being addressed. Battle is not going to be ended in any other case.

One factor {that a} part of the local weather motion does nicely is to analysis and report on these banks, superannuation funds and insurance coverage corporations that present monetary providers, loans, funding capital and insurance coverage cowl to fossil gasoline companies and to then invite involved folks to signal customary letters despatched to those organizations requesting them to stop their help of fossil fuels. The anti-war motion may usefully emulate this tactic (on a far wider scale than has existed beforehand) in relation to weapons companies and to ask people and organizations all over the place to boycott banks, superannuation funds and insurance coverage corporations with any involvement within the weapons business.

However this is only one easy tactic (involving no threat and little effort) on a small however vital vary of ‘targets’ within the anti-war battle. Sadly, there are lots extra targets that want our consideration and that can require extra dedication than signing a letter on condition that, for instance, important funding for the weapons business is provided by authorities procurement applications utilizing your taxes.

Equally, we’d like people and teams working to mobilize folks to considerably cut back their consumption, and people and teams working to mobilize folks to prioritize their emotional well-being (the muse of their braveness to behave rigorously and strategically in resisting struggle, exploitation and destruction of the biosphere usually). If we don’t undertake these complementary however important applications, our efforts to finish struggle might be endlessly undermined by our personal worry and over-consumption.

As a result of, within the last evaluation, it’s our fearfully surrendered tax {dollars} and our bucks spent consuming the sources seized in wars that can make sure that elite-driven wars for revenue by the US and NATO might be financially sustained, no matter phrases we utter and actions we take.

So our technique should handle this worry and over-consumption too whether it is to have the sophistication and comprehensiveness essential to shut down NATO and finish struggle.

Biodata: Robert J. Burrowes has a lifetime dedication to understanding and ending human violence. He has achieved in depth analysis since 1966 in an effort to know why human beings are violent and has been a nonviolent activist since 1981. He’s the creator of Why Violence? His e-mail handle is [email protected] and his web site is right here.

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Updated: May 22, 2019 — 10:03 pm

1 Comment

  1. Interesting update. Thank you for the heads up. More greese to your be elbow

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